National Supercomputing Mission: India on its way to become supercomputer power

India has already developed an Indigenous server (Rudra), which can meet the HPC requirements of all governments and PSUs.

In line with the increasing computational demands in the country, the National Supercomputing Mission (NSM) is rapidly expanding its supercomputer facilities to support researchers, academicians, MSMEs and start-ups across various sectors. 

With the infrastructure planned in NSM Phase I already installed and much of Phase II in place, the network of supercomputers through the country will soon reach to around 16 Petaflops (PF). NSM Phase III, which is likely to be initiated in January 2021, will take the computing speed to around 45 Petaflops. 

Param Shivay, the first supercomputer assembled indigenously, was installed in IIT (BHU), followed by Param Shakti and Param Brahma at IIT-Kharagpur and IISER, Pune, respectively.

Thereafter, supercomputing facilities were set up in two more institutions, and one is being set up in Phase I, ramping up high power computing speed to 6.6 PF under Phase-1. In Phase II, 8 more institutions will be equipped with supercomputing facilities by April 2021, with a total of 10 PF compute capacity. 

Additionally, 14 premier institutions of India have signed agreements to establish supercomputing infrastructure with assembly and manufacturing in India. These include IITs, NITs, National Labs, and IISERs. Some of these have already been installed, and some more will be done by December this year.

The Phase II installations will be completed by April 2021. Work on Phase III will start in 2021 and will include three systems of 3 PF each and one system of 20PF as a national facility. 

The three phases will provide access to High-Performance Computing (HPC) facilities to around 75 institutions and more than thousands of active researchers, academicians working through Nation Knowledge Network (NKN) – the backbone for supercomputing systems. HPC and Artificial Intelligence (AI) have converged together.

A 100 AI PF Artificial Intelligence supercomputing system is being created and installed in C-DAC, which can handle incredibly large-scale AI workloads increasing the speed of computing-related to AI several times. 

Besides, the mission has also created the next generation of supercomputer experts by training more than 2400 supercomputing manpower and faculties till date. 

India has already developed an Indigenous server (Rudra), which can meet the HPC requirements of all governments and PSUs. For the first time, a server system has been made in India, along with the full software stack developed by C-DAC. Efforts are being made to design and develop parts like server board, interconnect, processor, system software libraries, storage, and HPC-AI converged accelerator domestically.

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